Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA


Aantekeningen: Topsfield is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 6,141 at the 2000 census.
Part of the town comprises the census-designated place of Topsfield.
Colonial period
The Agawam tribe inhabited Topsfield prior to and during the British colonization in the early seventeenth century. They were one of the Algonquian peoples. They claimed the land north of the Danvers River, the whole of Cape Ann and from there to the Merrimack River. However, the first European explorers had brought smallpox to New England, decimating all the shore tribes from the Penobscot River to Narragansett Bay in 1616.
Chief Masconomet, for whom Masconomet Regional High School is named, was the sagamore or chief of the Agawam at this time. He welcomed Massachusetts Bay Colony Governor John Winthrop on his arrival in Salem Harbor in 1630. Masconomet deeded all the Agawam's land to Winthrop in 1638 in exchange for twenty pounds sterling. The English had settled within the bounds of modern-day Topsfield by 1643. They originally named their settlement New Meadows. Tradition has long held that the Agawam called the place "Shenewemedy", meaning "the pleasant place by the flowing waters." More recent historians believe that "Shenewemedy" was how the Agawam pronounced New Meadows, rather than a word in their own language.
The General Court of Massachusetts renamed the place Topsfield in 1648, undoubtedly after Toppesfield, England, a small parish in the County of Essex north of London. Topsfield was incorporated as a town in 1650. Masconomet died in 1658 and was buried on Sagamore Hill, now in Hamilton. Nine years later, two young men were punished for digging up the grave of the sagamore and carrying his skull on a pole. Native Americans were held in low regard and were poorly treated by the colonists. There is no record of hostilities between the colonists and Native Americans in Topsfield, however, even during the French and Indian Wars, which covered the…


Gemeente/Stad : Latitude (Breedte): 42.63853974396931, Longitude (Lengte): -70.95176696777344


Treffers 1 t/m 6 van 6

   Familienaam, Voorna(a)m(en)    Geboorte    Persoon-ID 
1 Cummings, Daniel  04 dec 1724Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA I447743
2 Cummings, John  07 jun 1666Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA I450065
3 Cummings, Joseph  ca. 1690Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA I447763
4 Cummings, Lucy  04 aug 1747Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA I447765
5 Cummings, Molly  27 jan 1749Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA I447766
6 Estey, Abigail  08 jan 1693Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA I447764


Treffers 1 t/m 2 van 2

   Familienaam, Voorna(a)m(en)    Overleden    Persoon-ID 
1 Cummings, John  16 jul 1722Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA I450065
2 Estey, Abigail  24 feb 1737Topsfield, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA I447764